Climate change This section is an excerpt from Climate change in Morocco [ edit ] Like other countries in the MENA region , climate change is expected to significantly impact Morocco on multiple dimensions. Temperatures throughout the year are considerably lower than this range at the higher altitudes of the Atlas Mountains. This document aims to succinctly summarize the climate risks faced by Morocco. Morocco has received 2 million doses of AstraZeneca’s vaccine, manufactured by the Serum Institute of India, and 500,000 doses of a vaccine made by China’s Sinopharm. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year. Moving towards the interior, the effect of the cold Atlantic current is sharply reduced, so the imperial cities have a climate characterized by hot summers, while winters are slightly colder, partly because of the higher altitude. Sandstorms are becoming more and more frequent, groundwater levels are sinking … Morocco is making an effort to conserve its underground aquifers, a natural source of fresh water that, if left clean and undisturbed, replenishes itself. Before you leave, we’d love to get your feedback on your experience while you were here. Morocco has lifted all subsidies on diesel, gasoline and heavy fuel oil to encourage more efficient use of energy and to free up resources to invest in the transition to a green economy. Marrakesh In particular, in Marrakesh, 450 meters (1,450 ft) above sea level, the average ranges from 12 °C (53.5 °F) in January to 28 °C (82 °F) in July … Both floods and draughts are on the increase in Morocco, and the effects are getting worse and worse. Morocco, on the front line of the fight against climate change The additional efforts in the fight against climate change that will be made by this new commission will certainly strengthen the Kingdom of Morocco in the world ranking of countries that stand out in the battle against climate change. Morocco is already bearing the brunt of climate change, with a severe drought in 2015 affecting the harvest and depressing the economy. The wet season lasts between November and March, affecting only the north of Morocco, with an average of 50 to 100mm per month. This political will is today embodied by the kingdom’s 2011 Constitution, which gave it a new impetus by enshrining sustainable development as a right for all citizens, and by MOROCCO, A COUNTRY HIGHLY AFFECTED BY THE EROSION Morocco is among the countries most affected by desertification with an arid and semi-arid climate covering more than 93% of its territory. Poverty limits the ability of local residents to cope with these changes. Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. The climate change competence centre is intended to remedy this situation. Morocco’s rural northeast coast, including Nador and Berkane provinces, is increasingly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including sea level rise, storm surges, and coastal flooding. But better technology has made this worse. Expansion of renewables is continuing as planned, but the construction of new coal fired power plants may lock the country into higher emissions. Opinion: Let’s Go Green in the Middle East and North Africa, Climate Change in the Middle East & North Africa, A New Plan to Support Action on Climate Change in the Arab World, Environmental and Social Policies for Projects. Temperatures in the coastal regions range between 22‐25°C in the summer and 10‐12°C in the winter. Morocco climate guide. Keep reading to see how the changing climate is affecting the people of Morocco. Morocco is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, leaving farmers at risk. Climate change can involve both changes in average conditions and changes in variability, including, for example, extreme events. Average farm household incomes in some communities are as low as $540 per year. Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Morocco with current travel advice, statistics and online resources.. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Morocco for next month - March. Morocco Resources listed below summarize existing information on climate change impacts and greenhouse gas emissions in Morocco. Morocco aims to generate 52% of its electricity needs from renewable energy by 2030, and is stimulating local manufacturing with a target of sourcing 35% of the second phase of the NOOR concentrated solar plant from local producers. Integrating climate change adaptation into national agricultural strategy for small holder agriculture - The case of Tadla-Azilal region, Morocco Objectives: Morocco, like most of North Africa, is highly vulnerable to climate change, as shown in climatic models developed for the region. We face big challenges to help the world’s poorest people and ensure that everyone sees benefits from economic growth. Objective. Your feedback is very helpful to us as we work to improve the site functionality on worldbank.org. Remittances from overseas relatives keep many families out of poverty, but do little to create jobs. As sobering as it may sound, no country occupies the top three places for climate change action. The current top performers for 2020 are Sweden, Denmark and Morocco. To cope with the impact of climate change, Morocco has adopted a series of green policies to conserve its natural resources and make agriculture more resilient. Morocco is very vulnerable to climate change, due to its geographical location, and is prone among others to more frequent extreme weather events, water scarcity, declining agricultural production, and sea rise level. Like most countries in the African continent, Morocco has been confronted for several decades with climate change. USAID staff and other development practitioners may find this information useful for climate risk management and for considering the linkages between climate change and development. “It represents a triple win, as it involves both adapting the country to the reality of climate change and taking steps to reduce its impact on its people and environment, all while creating opportunities such as helping farmers adopt climate-smart techniques and increase their productivity, and provide better links to markets for their goods.”. Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development. According to World Bank Program Leader, Andrea Liverani, Moroccans have long recognized the importance of regulating the amount of water people pump from underground. The earth's climate is naturally variable on all time scales. Methane is the Billy the Kid of carbon-containing greenhouse gases: it does a lot of damage in a short life. If just one season of poor rain can depress Morocco’s economy by causing bad harvests, what sort of havoc will the greater extremes of climate change wreak as the planet gets hotter? The roots of trees help conserve soil by holding it together. This is because no country has performed well enough to in all four categories to rank in very high on the climate change index.For this reason, the top three performers rank only as high. Morocco has lifted all subsidies on diesel, gasoline and heavy fuel oil to encourage more … Consistent with global warming trends, observations from Morocco’s National Meteorological Directorate show rising temperatures, less precipitation, and an increase in drought, widening the gap between water supply and demand. Some areas of the north coast are already eroding at a rate of 1 metre per year and the average global sea level rise (SLR) predicted by the IPCC (up to 59 cm by 2100) will exacerbate erosion. With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. This ranking emerges from the Climate Change Performance Index 2019, developed by Germanwatch, NewClimate Institute and Climate Action Network International (CAN). New policies protect this precious natural resource, while making sure there is enough water to go around to meet the needs of agriculture; an industry that is a critical source of employment. Accessed on 23 November 2009 at: http://country-profiles.geog.ox.ac.uk/, © United Nations Development Programme 2021, UNDP Human Development Indicators: Morocco, Climate Finance Options (World Bank and UNDP): Africa, Mainstreaming GE Aspects in the Planning and Monitoring processes of the NHDI in Morocco, CBA Morocco: Land & Water Protection, Conservation Farming and Climate Risk Management in El Mouddaa (Amsing), CBA Morocco: Natural Resource and Endemic Species Conservation in Laachoria Community (Madania Farming Cooperative), CBA Morocco: Enhancing the Resilience of the Iguiwas Oasis Ecosystem to the Impacts of Climate Change (Tiflit), Morocco's Second National Communication - April 2010, CBA Morocco: Strengthening Tarmguiste Ecosystem Resilience and Local Adaptive Capacities (Espace Rural), Intégration de l’adaptation dans la planification de développement, Integrating climate change adaptation in development planning in Morocco, National Adaptation Plan process in focus: Lessons from Morocco, Mainstreaming Global Environmental Aspects in the Planning and Monitoring processes of the National Human Development Initiative (NHDI) in Morocco - Request for Funding Document (April 2011), Morocco's Second National Communication - Official Document (French) - April 2010, Climate Information and Early Warning Systems. Climate Change in Morocco It is fitting that COP22 is being held in Morocco, which helps raise attention to the many climate change challenges faced by Morocco and the larger Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. It is already feeling the effects:  The rate of economic growth fell to 1.5% this year because of a severe drought in 2015. Climate change is leaving its mark on Morocco’s oases, too. Climate Change in Morocco Drought and precipitation scarcity in Morocco are expected to reduce surface and subterranean water resources availability by 10-15% in 2020. “Morocco launched the Plan Vert, or green strategy, to cope with the threat of climate change,” said Marie Francoise Marie-Nelly, World Bank Group Country Director for the Maghreb. The rainy season generally extends from October to April. Morocco has begun treating its ocean as a natural resource with the same importance as the land, with improved coastal zone management and the development of sustainable aquaculture. In 2014, Morocco contributed with 122,399 USD to UNDP’s core budget. Morocco, with its nomadic communities and extensive agricultural industry, is one such example. Morocco’s approach aims to reap the triple win of adapting to climate change while lessening its impact, and creating new opportunities. Morocco knows it will be affected by climate change, it’s just a question of how badly. Morocco has installed one of the largest solar farms in the world near Ouarzazate, a city known as the gateway to the Sahara Desert, which has been providing electricity to approximately 650,000 people … While climate change has an effect on many regions of the world, its impact is often felt to a higher degree in areas where people spend significant periods of time outdoors. Approach The Atlas mountain range runs through the centre of the country, forming a dividing line between the two main climatic zones, the Mediterranean northern coastal regions, and the southern, interior regions which lie on the edge of the hot Sahara desert. Thank you for participating in this survey! The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. Average temperatures are expected to rise between 2 and 5ºC by the end of this century, while rainfall is predicted to decline 20 to 30%. Morocco’s ability to adapt to climate change and reduce greenhouse gases has been strengthened by the climate change competence centre (4C Maroc). There is also positive mention of Morocco’s role as a leader with regard to energy and sustainability on the African continent. The strategy also encourages “direct seeding,” an environmentally friendly method of planting seed directly into the ground without tilling it first, which risks losing the nutrients contained in topsoil. Learning from Morocco: Why Invest in Concentrated Solar Power? Some areas of the north coast are already eroding at a rate of 1 metre per year and the average global sea level rise (SLR) predicted by the IPCC (up to 59 cm by 2100) will … Morocco is ranked second in the world in terms of climate protection and climate performance, after Sweden and ahead of Lithuania. Morocco’s Vision on Climate Change Make its territory and civilization more resilient to climate change while ensuring a rapid transition to a low-carbon economy. The Plan Vert also includes proactive measures to encourage farmers to grow tree crops instead of cereals. Conserving the water stored naturally in underground aquifers is a case in point. Stricter regulations are needed to stop it. Morocco is further advancing its climate policies and may as one of the few developing countries be able to curb its emissions by 2030. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. Moreover, it It’s a win for the environment and for current and future generations of Moroccans. There's… The country receives a high rating for its international climate policy, as experts look favourably upon Morocco’s commendable commitment to the Paris Agreement and its engagement in climate alliances. Climate change poses a significant threat to Morocco’s water and environmental resources, which are already under extensive pressure from population explosion, industrial growth, tourism development activities and agricultural extension. Climate change is leaving its mark on Morocco’s oases, too. Fishing makes up 56% of the country’s agricultural exports. Sources: ALM's Climate Change Adaptation Profile: Moroccan Coastal Management: Building Capacity to Adapt to Climate Change through Sustainable Policies and Planning, and the University of Oxford, School of Geography and the Environment. In 2020, climate change-induced droughts, increased temperatures, and changing weather patterns have continued to hurt Morocco’s agricultural and tourism sectors. Like the rest of the world, Morocco is grappling with the serious effects of climate change, after a significant drop in the country’s economic growth in 2016 due to a severe drought in 2015. Morocco is located in north‐east Africa, on the Atlantic and Mediterranean coast, at latitudes of 27 to 35°N. Likewise, floods were recurrent in the last two decades with more intensity in North Morocco. At the same time, the irrigation network has been improved to make more efficient use of water, with the introduction of modern techniques such as drip irrigation, and to provide farmers with more reliable access to water. Climate Most of Morocco north of the Western Sahara, particularly along the coasts, experiences a typical Mediterranean climate, with mild wet winters and hot dry summers. In the present study the impact assessment is based on future projections from climate models and historical trends of extreme precipitation. “Now that a pump can go 200 meters down and not just 40, it’s more serious, as this depletes the aquifers,” said Liverani. Morocco is currently Africa’s leader in terms of efforts to combat climate change, reaffirming the country’s commitment to the Paris Agreement on climate action. Will you take two minutes to complete a brief survey that will help us to improve our website? Climate Change: The World Bank: Full-size Project: $6,000,000: $39,700,000: 4205: MED: Regional Technical Assistance and Capacity Building for the Promotion of Treated Wastewater Reuse in the Mediterranean /MENA Countries: International Waters: The World Bank: Full-size Project: $4,545,455: $0 With the different climate model projections available, it becomes possible to provide multi-model evaluations of the climate change impacts on extreme precipitation in Morocco. Morocco’s rural northeast coast, including Nador and Berkane provinces, is increasingly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including sea level rise, storm surges, and coastal flooding. Liverani said that green policies like this can mean good business, attracting the private sector. Thank you for agreeing to provide feedback on the new version of worldbank.org; your response will help us to improve our website. 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