[citation needed], Latvia operates Inčukalns underground gas storage facility, one of the largest underground gas storage facilities in Europe and the only one in the Baltic states. Rating agency Standard & Poor's raised its outlook on Latvia's debt from negative to stable. Weather in Jurmala for today, accurate weather forecast for today for Jurmala, Jurmala, Latvia. The longest river on Latvian territory is the Gauja, at 452 km (281 mi) in length. [112] Nordic-Baltic Eight (NB-8) is the joint co-operation of the governments of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, and Sweden. [174] However, Rail Baltica railway, linking Helsinki-Tallinn-Riga-Kaunas-Warsaw is under construction and is set to be completed in 2026. [51] The constitution was partly suspended by Kārlis Ulmanis after his coup in 1934 but reaffirmed in 1990. Weather in February » HOLIDAY WEATHER Riga Riga weather is generally cool and cloudy for most of the year, while winters (December to March) are cold and snowy. After centuries of Swedish, Polish-Lithuanian and Russian rule, a rule mainly executed by the Baltic German aristocracy, the Republic of Latvia was established on 18 November 1918 when it broke away from the Russian Empire and declared independence in the aftermath of World War I. [78], However, the central power in Moscow continued to regard Latvia as a Soviet republic in 1990 and 1991. The peaceful Singing Revolution, starting in 1987, called for Baltic emancipation from Soviet rule and condemning the Communist regime's illegal takeover. By the spring of 1919, there were actually three governments: the Provisional government headed by Kārlis Ulmanis, supported by Tautas padome and the Inter-Allied Commission of Control; the Latvian Soviet government led by Pēteris Stučka, supported by the Red Army; and the Provisional government headed by Andrievs Niedra and supported by the Baltische Landeswehr and the German Freikorps unit Iron Division. This month should be avoided if you are not a big fan of rain. ["'The good Swedish times' in Latvian historiography: from the late 18th century to the 1970s"], CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. Winter is cold and dark: temperatures are often below freezing (0 °C or 32 °F), and landscapes are usually snow-covered from December to mid-March. [198], The Latvian healthcare system is a universal programme, largely funded through government taxation. For each destination, Easyvoyage's weather tool gives you temperature and rainfall indicators, along with wind force and direction and sunrise/sunset times. Latvia closed 131 schools between 2006 and 2010, which is a 12.9% decline, and in the same period enrolment in educational institutions has fallen by over 54,000 people, a 10.3% decline. [182], In some cities, e.g., Daugavpils and Rēzekne, ethnic Latvians constitute a minority of the total population. Gotthard Kettler, the last Master of the Order of Livonia, formed the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia. [citation needed] They developed distinct cultural heritage, characterised by both Latvian and German influences. Meanwhile, largely isolated from the rest of Latvia, southern Latgallians adopted Catholicism under Polish/Jesuit influence. In the recent years a couple of dozen of wind farms as well as biogas or biomass power stations of different scale have been built in Latvia. 56 percent[84] of Latvia's territory is covered by forests, mostly Scots pine, birch, and Norway spruce. [citation needed] [216], Latvia has participated successfully in both Winter and Summer Olympics. Aug [39] The first German settlers were knights from northern Germany and citizens of northern German towns who brought their Low German language to the region, which shaped many loanwords in the Latvian language. The winter in Latvia usually lasts from mid-December to the beginning of March. The sole official language of Latvia is Latvian, which belongs to the Baltic language sub-group of the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family. Take a look at the seven-day weather forecast for the principal cities inLatvia. The president appoints a prime minister who, together with his cabinet, forms the executive branch of the government, which has to receive a confidence vote by the Saeima. [183], The share of ethnic Latvians had fallen from 77% (1,467,035) in 1935 to 52% (1,387,757) in 1989. From the age of 40 – more female. [59] [30], The name Latvija is derived from the name of the ancient Latgalians, one of four Indo-European Baltic tribes (along with Couronians, Selonians and Semigallians), which formed the ethnic core of modern Latvians together with the Finnic Livonians. How sunny is it in Latvia in December? Latvia lies in Northern Europe, on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea and northwestern part of the East European Craton (EEC), between latitudes 55° and 58° N (a small area is north of 58°), and longitudes 21° and 29° E (a small area is west of 21°). An internal document of 18 March 1987, near the end of communist rule, spoke of an active membership that had shrunk to only 25,000 in Latvia, but the faith has since experienced a revival. Precipitation: 1.27". Of these, 42% are raised bogs; 49% are fens; and 9% are transitional mires. Every year more boys are born. In the following days of the week the temperature will reach 0.. +5 degrees °C, on the coast up to +7 °C, and only a few nights will it fall below zero in Vidzeme and Latgale. Forecast - Riga. The climate is far different from that of Labrador, however, because of the effect of the Gulf Stream flowing across the Atlantic Ocean from Mexico. Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. Daytime temperatures usually reach 0°C in Riga, Latvia in December, falling to -5°C at night. Latvian paramilitary and Auxiliary Police units established by the occupation authority participated in the Holocaust and other atrocities. Get your weekly fix of holiday inspiration from leading travel writers. The 100-seat unicameral Latvian parliament, the Saeima, is elected by direct popular vote every four years. Real GDP growth of 5.5 percent in 2011 was underpinned by export growth and a recovery in domestic demand. [74] The population of Latvia reached its peak in 1990 at just under 2.7 million people. [133][134] In 2011, the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities "urged Latvia to allow non-citizens to vote in municipal elections. The total length of its maritime boundary is 498 km (309 mi), which is shared with Estonia, Sweden and Lithuania. Now Today Tomorrow 3 days 10 days ... Siberian primrose has not had time to adapt to climate change. [196] By 2020 the government aims to spend 1.5% of GDP on research and development, with half of the investments coming from the private sector. At Pape Nature Reserve, where European bison, wild horses, and recreated aurochs have been reintroduced, there is now an almost complete Holocene megafauna also including moose, deer, and wolf.[105]. In 2012, 45.0% of births were to unmarried women. Accurate live weather forecasts, monthly weather averages and beautiful live and archived HD webcam footage let you see every season, every sunrise, sunset and rainbow in Riga, Latvia . [citation needed] Latvia was one of the EuroBasket 2015 hosts. In a year, the rainfall is 648 mm | 25.5 inch. They have no citizenship of any country, and cannot vote in Latvia. [193] About 21% of the total population is not affiliated with a specific religion.[2]. [120] The Enhanced Partnership in Northern Europe or e-Pine is the U.S. Department of State diplomatic framework for co-operation with the Nordic-Baltic countries. [citation needed] With the onset of World War II, many Latvian artists and other members of the cultural elite fled the country yet continued to produce their work, largely for a Latvian émigré audience. Major rivers include the Daugava River, Lielupe, Gauja, Venta, and Salaca, the largest spawning ground for salmon in the eastern Baltic states. [158] However, the chiefly consumption-driven growth in Latvia resulted in the collapse of Latvian GDP in late 2008 and early 2009, exacerbated by the global economic crisis, shortage of credit and huge money resources used for the bailout of Parex bank. Fish is commonly consumed due to Latvia's location on the Baltic Sea. Latgalia, the easternmost region of Latvia, became a part of the Inflanty Voivodeship of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. [citation needed] To maintain and expand industrial production, skilled workers were migrating from all over the Soviet Union, decreasing the proportion of ethnic Latvians in the republic. Rain may fall as snow in this month. Nov Swap your heavy winter boots for a pair of glittering heals at … Severe spells of winter weather with cold winds, extreme temperatures of around −30 °C (−22 °F) and heavy snowfalls are common. '[75], In the second half of the 1980s, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev started to introduce political and economic reforms in the Soviet Union that were called glasnost and perestroika. This led to the development of the Amber Road. Jun [175], National road network in Latvia totals 1675 km of main roads, 5473 km of regional roads and 13 064 km of local roads. Summer starts in June and lasts until August. [60] Latvia, then a puppet government, was headed by Augusts Kirhenšteins. In 2010 Latvia launched a Residence by Investment program (Golden Visa) in order to attract foreign investors and make local economy benefit from it. In ancient times, amber found along the Baltic Sea coast was sought by Vikings as well as traders from Egypt, Greece and the Roman Empire. Demands for self-determination were initially confined to autonomy, until a power vacuum was created by the Russian Revolution in 1917, followed by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk between Russia and Germany in March 1918, then the Allied armistice with Germany on 11 November 1918. Latvia is a developed country with an advanced, high-income economy [27][28] and ranks 39th in the Human Development Index. Its national insect is the two-spot ladybird (Adalia bipunctata, Latvian: divpunktu mārīte). Do not forget to take with you warm clothes! In the same year, the United States of America exported $58.2 million of goods and services to Latvia and imported $87.9 million. Currently, VEF Rīga, which competes in EuroCup, is the strongest professional basketball club in Latvia. [98], Access to biocapacity in Latvia is much higher than world average. Apart from road and railway connections, Ventspils is also linked to oil extraction fields and transportation routes of Russian Federation via system of two pipelines from Polotsk, Belarus. [212] Rupjmaize is a dark bread made from rye, considered the national staple.[213][214]. This system also existed before World War II. Children born to non-nationals after the reestablishment of independence are automatically entitled to citizenship. [15][16][17] Since Latvia's independence in 1918, it has been referred to as one of the Baltic states. [56]:48, On 22 June 1941 German troops attacked Soviet forces in Operation Barbarossa. The average annual temperature is 6.4 °C | 43.4 °F in Riga. Latvia has a total area of 64,559 km2 (24,926 sq mi) of which 62,157 km2 (23,999 sq mi) land, 18,159 km2 (7,011 sq mi) agricultural land,[83] 34,964 km2 (13,500 sq mi) forest land[84] and 2,402 km2 (927 sq mi) inland water. [35], Although the local people had contact with the outside world for centuries, they became more fully integrated into the European socio-political system in the 12th century. In 2017, Latvian tennis player Jeļena Ostapenko won the 2017 French Open Women's singles title being the first unseeded player to do so in the open era. Average temperatures are not so low on the west coast: the daily average in February is around -1.5 °C (29 °F) in Liepaja and -3 °C (27 °F) in Kolka (at the entrance of the Gulf of Riga), while it drops to -5 °C (23 °F) in Riga and to -6 °C (21 °F) in Daugavpils and Kraslava, in the south-east. Latvia is a unitary state, currently divided into 110 one-level municipalities (Latvian: novadi) and 9 republican cities (Latvian: republikas pilsētas) with their own city council and administration: Daugavpils, Jēkabpils, Jelgava, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Rēzekne, Riga, Valmiera, and Ventspils. View Full Yearly Averages . 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