It was established by Germans in 1940, in the suburbs of Oswiecim, a Polish city that was annexed to the Third Reich by the Nazis. Auschwitz Birkenau was the largest of the concentration camp complexes created by the Nazi German regime and was the one which combined extermination with forced labour. Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi concentration camp complexes in German-occupied Poland, consisting of 45 satellite and three main camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II - Birkenau and Auschwitz III - Monowitz. German Nazi synonyms, German Nazi pronunciation, German Nazi translation, English dictionary definition of German Nazi. The prisoner numbers have become a synonym of dehumanization that struck the deportees of the concentration camp. When studying the Holocaust, one can come across numerous terms in many different languages as the Holocaust affected people from all sorts of backgrounds, be it German, Jewish, Roma and so on. Prisoner numbers in the system of German Nazi concentration camps . Its name was changed to Auschwitz, which also became the name of Konzentrationslager Auschwitz. Nazi definition, a member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, which controlled Germany from 1933 to 1945 under Adolf Hitler and advocated totalitarian government, territorial expansion, anti-Semitism, and Aryan supremacy, all these leading directly to World War II and the Holocaust. Noun 1. The complex was a place of forced labor and mass murder.No collection of pictures can show the horrors that occurred within Auschwitz, but perhaps this collection of historical … Jan. 27 marks International Holocaust Remembrance Day, commemorating the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp by Soviet forces in WWII. See more. Other (including concentration camps): 34,000; With the deportations from Hungary, the role of Auschwitz-Birkenau in the German plan to murder the Jews of Europe achieved its highest effectiveness. From 1940 to 1945, the Auschwitz-Birkenau complex was the largest of the Nazi death camps, was comprised of three central hubs and dozens of subcamps. This glossary lists slogans, code names, names of important people, dates, slang words and more to help you understand these terms in alphabetical order. Over 100,000 German translations of English words and phrases. The Schutzstaffel (SS), led by Heinrich Himmler, ran the death camps and concentration camps in Nazi Germany. It was characterized by a centralist and authoritarian structure. She spent a year in prison, and then the Nazis transferred her in June 1943 to Auschwitz. These numbers were to serve efficient "management" of camps, performed by the SS teams. The Nazi (National Socialist German Workers') Party: The Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei /natsional sotsialistishe doiche abaita patai/ or NSDAP was founded in Germany on January 5, 1919. Between late April and early July 1944, approximately 440,000 Jews were deported from Hungary. In German, Auschwitz was called Konzentrationslager Auschwitz (KZ Auschwitz), which means "Auschwitz concentration camp." Precise numbers are still debated, but according to the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the German SS systematically killed at least 960,000 of … All over the world, Auschwitz has become a symbol of terror, genocide, and the Shoah. ("Auschwitz" is the German name for "Oświęcim.") The Auschwitz camps were in a town in Poland called Oświęcim. When German soldiers first imprisoned Dabrowska, they executed her accomplices, including her brother. 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