Citation: Shepherd M, Shepherd E (2020) Medicines administration 2: procedure for administration of oral medicines. Dispose of the medicine pot according to local policy. Gibbs’s reflective model is an appropriate model that I will use since it is recommended by many of the nursing students (Sekarwinahyu et al. Dickenson R et al (2017) How much information about the benefits of medicines is included in patient leaflets in the European Union? Check whether the patient has any allergies or previous adverse drug reactions (RPS and RCN, 2019). It requires patient’s cooperation or compliance, especially outpatients. Enteral—Entering Intestinal/Digestive Tract. PLAY. All medicines are evaluated to assess their safety, but no medicine is entirely risk free. 2019). If necessary, ask for advice from the prescriber or a pharmacist (RPS and RCN, 2019). Knowledge needed for medicines being administered. Hold the cat's head from the top using your left hand if you are right-handed. SPS. It is not suitable for/in- - unpalatable and highly irritant drugs. Although solid-dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage, the oral route is problematic because of the unpredictable nature of gastrointestinal absorption. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology; 63: 4, 383-384. Oral administration of drugs is the most common and acceptable route for drug administration, especially for out-patients. Procedure For Oral Medication. 2. Medication administration requires good decision-making skills and clinical judgment, and the nurse is responsible for ensuring full understanding of medication administration and its implications for patient safety. 7. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. It is economical since it does not involve the patient in extra cost. quiz which has been attempted 8035 times by avid quiz takers. Nurses should also be aware of local reporting systems. Many of these medications are sold over-the-counter. (2013) Causes of medication administration errors in hospitals: a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative evidence. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. It is the simplest, most convenient, and safest means of drug administration. A pain medication that is intravenously injected will act quicker than an oral medication but either could be given, depending on the patient. or PO (Latin per os, meaning through the mouth) is the first choice for the administration of drugs since it is both convenient and economical. STUDY. Prior to oral administration of medications, ensure that the patient has no contraindications to receiving oral medication, is able to swallow, and is … Although most oral medications are swallowed, some are released in the mouth by chewing, dissolving slowly or melting on the tongue. b. It is safer and also inexpensive. Effectiveness – is the patient taking it? Like for any medication administration procedure, a nurse must follow and complete the five "rights" at the three safety checkpoints. Reflection on Oral Medication Administration. - drugs with extensive first pass metabolism (e.g. The nurse should check, as a minimum: - The generic name of the drug; Check the drugs in your chart with that of doctors order. The oral administration route is preferred over the various other administration routes of drug delivery due to the many advantages it exhibits. Wiley-Blackwell. 5. Policies regarding the appropriate practitioner and number of practitioners needed to check oral medication may vary. It is not suitable for emergency as onset of action of orally administered drugs is relatively slow. Today's approval marks the first oral drug … Created by. 4. Regulations, Guidelines and Clinical Trials, Subcutaneous Route of Drug Administration: Advantages and Disadvantages, Intramuscular Route of Drug Administration: Advantages and Disadvantages, Intravenous Route of Drug Administration: Advantages and Disadvantages, Parenteral Route of Drug Administration: Advantages and Disadvantages, Pulmonary Route of Drug Administration: Advantages and Disadvantages, Transdermal Route of Drug Administration: Advantages and Disadvantages, List of Pharmaceutical Companies in Nigeria, Introduction to Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Rotary Tablet Press (Multi-Station Tablet Press), National Agency for Food & Drugs Admin & Control, Journal of Pharmaceutical Development and Industrial Pharmacy, drugs that are destroyed by gastric acid and digestive juices (e.g., insulin), drugs with extensive first-pass metabolism (e.g. Administration of oral medication should result in the patient receiving the proper dose of drug safely, and with no complications. 63: 4, 383-384 pre-systemic ” or “ first-pass ” metabolism demonstrate taking -... 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